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A high-quality, timely micronutrient survey requires strong supervision and appropriately skilled personnel to plan, implement, analyse, report on and manage the entire process.

Large-scale population-based surveys are generally initiated by the primary users of the information that will be collected. This is frequently the ministry of health, the national nutrition division/department, some other government body, an academic institution, or a nongovernmental organization (NGO). The initiating organization takes primary responsibility for implementation and assigns a senior-level person to chair the Steering committee and provide overall policy guidance and leadership.

Operational management and responsibility for survey coordination, implementation, reporting, and quality assurance are usually assigned to an experienced, full-time survey coordinator. The coordinator works closely with the Management team, and reports to the Steering committee at its meetings and at additional times as needed.